Manchester Metropolitan University (often referred to as Manchester Met, MMU, or Man Met) is a new, public university located in Manchester, England. The university evolved from the Manchester Mechanics Institute and the Manchester Schools of Design and Commerce, becoming Manchester Polytechnic in 1970. It gained university status in 1992 under the Further and Higher Education Act. The university headquarters and central campus are in the city of Manchester, with additional facilities in Cheshire. Manchester Metropolitan University receives approximately 52,000 applications every year, making it the second most applied-to university in the UK after the University of Manchester.